Background

  • Moringa oleifera is Native to many cultures in the world especially in Africa and Asia.
  • In Nigeria it is known as Okochi egbu/Ikwa oyibo in Igbo; Ewe igbale/Idagbo monoye in Yoruba and; Zogale in Hausa
  • All the parts of the Moringa tree have medicinal value; the reason it is called the Tree of Life by some
  • The abundance of vital Minerals; Vitamins; and other micro nutrients in Moringa, makes it provide multitude of benefits
  • The leaves are the most available part of the plant; it can be used raw and could be dried and pulverized
  • The powdered form of the dried leaves has a higher concentration of the inherent nutrients

Uses

  • The leaves are added to soups and stew for its flavour and nutritional value
  • The raw leaves can be used to garnish salads
  • When dried and pulverized it can be preserved for a long period of time
  • The dried powdered leaves can be added to already cooked food; yogurt; and other dairy products and pastries

Benefits

  • Different cultures benefit from Moringa oleifera differently; yet some values are known and utilized by most peoples.
  • According to www.allthingsmoringa.com, Moringa is used in the following Countries for the benefit/s in bracket: Guatemala skin infections, sores; India: anemia, anxiety, asthma, blackheads, blood impurities, bronchitis, catarrh, chest congestion, cholera, conjunctivitis, cough, diarrhea, eye and ear problems; High blood pressure, hysteria, pain in joints, pimples, psoriasis, respiratory disorders, scurvy, semen deficiency, sore throat, sprain, tuberculosis; Malaysia (intestinal worms); Nicaragua (headache, skin infections, sores); Philippines (anemia, glandular swelling, lactation); Puerto Rico (intestinal worms); Senegal (diabetes, pregnancy, skin infections, sores); Venezuela (intestinal worms, colitis, diarrhea, dropsy, dysentery, gonorrhea, jaundice); Other Countries (malaria, stomach ulcers, tumor, urinary disorders, wounds).
  • These uses are based on the contents of Moringa:

Vitamin; Mineral; and Nutritional Content of Moringa leaves

All values are per 100 grams of edible portion.

  Fresh Leaves Dried Leaves
Carotene (Vit. A)* 6.78 mg 18.9 mg
Thiamin (B1) 0.06 mg 2.64 mg
Riboflavin (B2) 0.05 mg 20.5 mg
Niacin (B3) 0.8 mg 8.2 mg
Vitamin C 220 mg 17.3 mg
Calcium 440 mg 2,003 mg
Calories 92 cal 205 cal
Carbohydrates 12.5 g 38.2 g
Copper 0.07 mg 0.57 mg
Fat 1.70 g 2.3 g
Fiber 0.90 g 19.2 g
Iron 0.85 mg 28.2 mg
Magnesium 42 mg 368 mg
Phosphorus 70 mg 204 mg
Potassium 259 mg 1,324 mg
Protein 6.70 g 27.1g
Zinc 0.16 mg 3.29 mg
     

*Figures shown for vitamin A are carotene content for fresh leaves and beta-carotene content for dried leaves.1, 5

Amino Acid Content of Moringa* (All values are per 100 grams of edible portion.)

  Fresh Leaves Dried Leaves
Arginine 406.6 mg 1,325 mg
Histidine 149.8 mg 613 mg
Isoleucine 299.6 mg 825 mg
Leucine 492.2 mg 1,950 mg
Lysine 342.4 mg 1,325 mg
Methionine 117.7 mg 350 mg
Phenylalinine 310.3 mg 1,388 mg
Threonine 117.7 mg 1,188 mg
Tryptophan 107 mg 425 mg
Valine 374.5 mg 1,063 mg

www.allthingsmoringa.com

  • In a research by Ahmad Faizal Abdull Razis et. Al, Moringa has the following properties: Anti Inflammatory; Anti fibrotic/ulcer; Anti tumor; Anti cancer; Anti oxidant; Antimicrobial; Anti hyperglycaemia; and Anti clastogenic
  • Moringa oleifera is known to Eliminate constipation; Normalize blood sugar; Heal Ulcers and reduce risk of ulcer; Increase mental clarity; Reduce wrinkles and age lines; Normalize blood pressure; and Strengthen immune system.
  • According to the USDA Nutrient Database Moringa contains:
Moringa oleifera leaf, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 64 kcal (270 kJ)
Carbohydrates 8.28 g
Dietary fiber 2.0 g
Fat 1.40 g
Protein 9.40 g
Vitamins Quantity%DV
Vitamin A equiv. 47% (378 μg)
Thiamine (B1) 22% (0.257 mg)
Riboflavin (B2) 55% (0.660 mg)
Niacin (B3) 15% (2.220 mg)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 3% (0.125 mg)
Vitamin B6 92% (1.200 mg)
Folate (B9) 10% (40 μg)
Vitamin C 62% (51.7 mg)
Minerals Quantity%DV
Calcium 19% (185 mg)
Iron 31% (4.00 mg)
Magnesium 41% (147 mg)
Manganese 17% (0.36 mg)
Phosphorus 16% (112 mg)
Potassium 7% (337 mg)
Sodium 1% (9 mg)
Zinc 6% (0.6 mg)
Other constituents Quantity
Water 78.66 g
Unitsμg = micrograms • mg = milligramsIU = International units
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. 
Source: USDA Nutrient Database